HOW DOES MARELITT BALTIC WORK?
The MARELITT Baltic project focus on reducing the impact of marine litter in the form of derelict fishing gear in the Baltic Sea. The project is divided into five work packages (WP), where package 2, 3 and 4 are the major parts concerning the retrieval, prevention and recycling of DFG.
The aim is to develop cost-efficient, safe and environmentally friendly derelict fishing gear (DFG) retrieval methods identified through demonstration actions for sampled targets (soft seabed/wrecks/rocky bottoms) including an environmental impact assessment analysis for sensitive areas.
As a result, a handbook on DFG retrieval methodologies consisting of an evaluation of dragging operations and documentation of lessons learned will be made. MARELITT Baltic will constitute the baseline for future retrieval measures while gaining an overview of host areas in the Baltic Sea in form of a map. The project will also provide recommendations for post project operations.
MARELITT Baltic also aims to increase responsible fishery while developing a code of conduct for the fishing industry. Other objectives include the improvement of fishing gears for responsible fishing and a minimization of the DFG problem while improving the retrieval of DFG giving an overview about technologies to reduce gear loss.
The project compiled recommendations for regulations on prevention in form of a recommendation paper on national and EU level. It should result in a long-term impact on a change of fishing strategies and legislations on the different spatial levels.
An overview about harbour reception facilities for old fishing gear and DFG aims an improvement of reception facilities in harbors including environmentally sound waste management for DFG. A feasibility study on economic solutions for DFG recycling should find efficient ways to reuse/recycle DFG in the best way. A DFG treatment scheme should point out solutions on how to prepare DFG for processing & to find economical solutions for recycling small volumes.